Like a car uses gas to run, your body burns food for energy. And if you fill your body with the right type of fuel, you can expect better results from your workouts. The right foods and drink can give you energy to power through a grueling run or an intense fitness class.
Be Sure to Hydrate
If you’re not hydrated, your body can’t perform at its peak level. So be sure to guzzle water before a workout, at least 2-3 cups. This is important whether you’re a serious athlete or simply exercise for recreation.
Water regulates your body temperature and lubricates your joints while transporting nutrients to give you energy. Lack of proper to hydration before exercise may cause you to feel tired, have muscle cramps or dizziness. One of the best ways to judge your hydration level, before and after workouts, is by the color of your urine. If you are well hydrated, urine will be clear to very pale yellow. If you are dehydrated, urine will be dark yellow or amber colored.
Snacks with Carbohydrates and Protein
Aim to have a snack or meal 1 to 3 hours before your workout. If you are exercising after a large meal, be sure to have that meal at least 3 hours before exercise. Snacks should include a combination of easily digestible carbohydrates and some protein. Good examples include:
Oatmeal with Fruit: For a morning workout, try to include some healthy oatmeal topped with fresh fruit. The carbohydrates in the oatmeal and fruit will fuel a great morning workout.
Peanut Butter and Jelly: Proteins from whole wheat bread and peanut butter combine to make complete proteins. Add in some easily digestible carbohydrates from fruit jelly and bread and you have an ideal fuel source for your workout. A half sandwich is really all you need too.
Trail Mix: The combination of unsalted nuts for healthy protein, and easily digestible carbohydrates from dried fruits makes trail mix the perfect portable snack before a workout.
Smoothie: Simply puree some of your favorite fresh (or frozen) fruit, milk or whey-based drink, yogurt and honey to sweeten it up. Go ahead and throw some veggies in there too for a nutrient boost. Find your favorite combination for a perfect on the go snack before a workout.
After a Workout
After a workout, a higher percentage of protein content becomes more important. You’ll want to rebuild those muscles after exhausting them. Healthy fats and healthy carbohydrates are also essential to working into a meal.
Protein, Carbohydrates, and Fat Suggestions
Fats: Nuts, nut butters or avocado
Carbs: Brown rice, potatoes, sweet potatoes, pasta, oatmeal and quinoa
Chicken, salmon, eggs, pork loin, turkey breast, Greek yogurt, cottage cheese, cheese and milk
Putting it together; Meal Suggestions Post Workout
Chocolate Milk: If you are in a time crunch, no need to worry. A glass of chocolate milk is the perfect after workout drink as it contains a healthy amount of protein, carbohydrates and nutrients to help with refueling.
Grilled chicken with brown rice and roasted vegetables.
Egg omelet with avocado spread on toast.
Salmon with sweet potato
Tuna salad sandwich on whole grain bread
Pita, vegetables and hummus Get the most out of your workouts by beginning and ending with the right fuel on board. Food can be a very powerful tool to achieving your workout goals!